Zizka, Count Jan

Zizka, Count Jan
SUBJECT AREA: Weapons and armour
b. c. 1376
d. 11 October 1424 Pibyslav, Bohemia (now Czech Republic)
Bohemian soldier and armoured fighting vehicle pioneer.
Brought up in the court of King Wencelas IV of Bohemia, Zizka became a mercenary, fighting for the Poles and losing an eye in the process. In 1410 he returned to Bohemia and became a follower of the religious reformer Jan Hus, who was martyred five years later, although his Hussite movement continued after his death. In 1419 Wencelas died, and his half-brother, Sigismund, an anti-Hussite, attempted to secure the throne. The result was war. Zizka organized a peasant force, the Taborites, who quickly made their mark with their discipline and tactical originality. Not only was Zizka the first to handle his infantry, cavalry and artillery as one, but through the mounting of guns on armoured carts he also pioneered the concept of the armoured fighting vehicle as it is known today. In 1420 he overthrew Sigismund, but lost his remaining eye, and continued to fight against the forces of the Pope and other Hussite bands until his death from plague.

Biographical history of technology. - Taylor & Francis e-Librar. . 2005.

Игры ⚽ Нужно сделать НИР?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Jan Žižka — de Trocnov Nacimiento …   Wikipedia Español

  • Žižka — biographical name Count Jan circa 1376 1424 Bohemian general & Hussite leader …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Jan Žižka — z Trocnova a Kalicha Equestrian statue of Jan Žižka by Bohumil Kafka on Vítkov Hill in Prague …   Wikipedia

  • Jan Hus — (Audio|Cs Jan Hus.ogg|listen) (IPA2|ˈjan ˈɦus, alternative spellings John Hus, Jan Huss, John Huss) (c. 1372 Husinec, Bohemia ndash; July 6, 1415 Konstanz, HRE) was a Czech religious thinker, philosopher, reformer, and master at Charles… …   Wikipedia

  • Žižka, Jan, Count (Hrabě) — ▪ Bohemian leader born c. 1376 died Oct. 11, 1424, Přibyslav, Bohemia [now in Czech Republic]       military commander and national hero of Bohemia who led the victorious Hussite armies against the German king Sigismund, foreshadowing the… …   Universalium

  • Czechoslovak history — Introduction       history of the region comprising the historical lands of Bohemia, Moravia, and Slovakia from prehistoric times through their federation, under the name Czechoslovakia, during 1918–92. With the dissolution of the Czechoslovak… …   Universalium

  • Hussite Wars — Infobox Military Conflict conflict = Hussite Wars partof = date = July 30 1419 – May 30 1434 place = Central Europe, mostly in Bohemia casus = First Defenestration of Prague (30 July), burning of John Huss in 1415 result = Defeat of radical… …   Wikipedia

  • Prague — This article is about the capital of the Czech Republic. For other uses, see Prague (disambiguation). Prague Czech: Praha Montage …   Wikipedia

  • List of battles 1401–1800 — List of battles: before 601 601 1400 1401 1800 1801 1900 1901 2000 2001 current See also: List of American Revolutionary War battles Early 15th Century (1401 1450) * 1402 **Battle of Casalecchio January 26 Alberico da Barbiano for Milan defeats… …   Wikipedia

  • Mladá Vožice — Coordinates: 49°31′59″N 14°48′31″E / 49.53306°N 14.80861°E / 49.53306; 14.80861 …   Wikipedia

  • Prague — /prahg/, n. a city in and the capital of the Czech Republic, in the W central part, on the Vltava: formerly capital of Czechoslovakia. 1,211,000. Czech, Praha /prddah hah/. German, Prag. * * * City (pop., 2001 est.: 1,178,576), capital of the… …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”